The Gemsbok, Oryx gazella, is a large antelope native to southern Africa.

The gemsbok has long, sharply pointed horns. When threatened, it lowers its horns parallel to the ground and lunges with great accuracy to fend off lions and other predators. Gemsbok are also swift runners that can outpace a horse or a pack of African wild dogs. Gemsbok can survive dry seasons by eating melons and plant bulbs.

Zoo Tycoon

In Zoo Tycoon, the Gemsbok likes to have sand, savannah, and dirt in its exhibit. They breed very quickly so a large exhibit is recommended.

Zoo Tycoon 2


The gemsbok lives in the scrub biome. They are also compatible with the savannah and desert biomes. They cannot swim, and do not enjoy water in their enclosure.


The gemsbok is an herbivore that feeds on hay and grass.


The gemsbok like to use the salt lick as their enrichment.


The gemsbok will use the shade structure and stables for shelter.


The gemsbok is an antelope that lives in large herds. They exhibit the herding behavior introduced in the Endangered Species and African Adventure expansion packs. Males will mate with more than one female.

Zoo Tycoon (Xbox)

In Zoo Tycoon (Xbox), the Gemsbok is unlocked at fame level one, but needs to be researched. They live in the savannah biome, and will tolerate grassland. They are the first antelopes available in the game. Gemsbok are compatible with giraffes.


Trivia not relevant for the game

  • Gemsbok can sense rain from 50 miles away.
  • In 1969, the New Mexico State Department of Game and Fish decided to introduce gemsbok to the Tularosa Basin in the United States. The introduction was a compromise between those who wanted to preserve nature and those who wanted to use it for profit and promotion. Ninety-three were released from 1969 to 1977, with the current population estimated to be around 3,000 specimens. They thrived because their natural predators, including the lion, are not present.


In Real Life

Zoo Tycoon animals